Mixed Reality in Complex Intracranial Neurosurgery Fellowship

Lehigh Valley Hospital
Allentown, Pennsylvania
Jul 07, 2021
Jul 07, 2022
Full Time
Position Type

This “first of its kind” program offers advanced training in complex, minimally-invasive intracranial surgery and in the utilization of mixed reality in all aspects of the discipline from patient education, anatomic research and approach planning to intraoperative navigation.

Mixed reality – Virtual (VR) and augmented reality (AR) – is used for neurological surgery with increasing frequency. The technology makes procedures safer, more efficient, and better in preserving the patients’ quality of life. Mixed reality also has other applications in neurosurgery including education and simulation, surgical rehearsal and approach planning, as well as intraoperative guidance. Anatomic research can be conducted with VR models in place of cadavers, which lessens the cost and improves the accuracy.


The period of commitment is either 6 or 12 months depending on the fellow’s available start date. Stipend will be commensurate to the PGY-8 level, with additional research funding opportunities dependent on the fellow’s interest.  The fellowship is under the directorship of Chief of Neurological Surgery, Dr. Walter Jean. Dr. Jean is the creator of the textbook “Skull Base Surgery: Strategies,” and a leader in the field of AR and VR for Neurosurgery. He is the course director for the “Virtual and Augmented Reality in Neurosurgery” session at the upcoming meeting of the World Federation of Neurological Surgery (WFNS), as well as the lead topic editor for the August 2021 issue of Neurosurgical Focus, based on the same topic.

Learning Objectives

The fellow will be trained in the latest advanced techniques in complex, minimally-invasive intracranial surgery. S/he will gain proficiency in generating and manipulating VR models of patient-specific anatomy for the purposes of patient education, neurosurgical research and simulation, as well as surgical planning. In addition, the fellow will learn how to create surgical-guidance AR templates for intraoperative use to maximize the efficiency and safety of complex intracranial procedures.

A major role of the fellow is in technological innovation. VR will be applied throughout the fellowship for anatomic research, but additional goals include development of new paradigms for using VR/AR in teaching neurosurgeons, and new applications for surgical planning and navigation. Examples of recent academic publications by our faculty involving novel applications of VR/AR in neurosurgery include:

  • Jean WC, Yang Y, Srivastava A, Tai AX, Herur-Raman A, Kim HJ, Li D, Wu Z: Study of Comparative Surgical Exposure to the Petroclival Region Using Patient-Specific, Petroclival Meningioma Virtual Reality Models. Neurosurgical Focus, in press
  • Tai AX, Herur-Raman A, Jean WC: The Benefits of Progressive Occipital Condylectomy in Enhancing the Far Lateral Approach to the Foramen Magnum. World Neurosurgery, 2019. doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.09.152
  • Tai AX, Sack KD, Herur-Raman A, Jean WC:  The Benefits of Limited Orbitotomy on the Supraorbital Approach: an Anatomical and Morphometric Study in Virtual Reality. Operative Neurosurgery: Jul 2019. doi.org/10.1093/ons/opz201
  • Jean WC, Tai AX, Hogan E, Herur-Raman A, Felbaum DR, Leonardo J, Syed HR: An Anatomical Study of the Foramen of Monro: Implications in Management of Pineal Tumors Presenting with Hydrocephalus. Acta Neurochir 161: 975-983, 2019. doi.org/10.1007/s00701-019-03887-4 

Job Responsibilities:

The fellow is a member of the Neurological Surgery staff of Lehigh Valley Health Network with an appointment as clinical instructor. In the clinic, s/he will utilize VR to educate patients about their disease and planned surgery. In the operating suite, the fellow will assist in complex cranial, AR-guided procedures for aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, vestibular schwannomas, meningiomas and other lesions of the skull base. Overnight on-call duty will be part of the fellow’s responsibilities but will mainly involve a level-II trauma center.

Job Qualifications:

  • Medical Physician Assistant, or Osteopathic Physician Assistant with current license to practice in the state of Pennsylvania.
  • Physician Assistants must have a current certification through the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants (NCCPA).
  • Eligible for the examination of the American Board of Neurological Surgery
  • Permitted to work within the US
  • Able to obtain Pennsylvania medical and DEA licenses.

Benefits & Perks:

  • Attractive work schedule
  • Highly Competitive Compensation with a superb benefits package
  • Low cost health insurance for employees
  • CME reimbursement and time outside of normal PTO to take classes, attend conferences etc.
  • Retirement plans with employer contribution

At Lehigh Valley Health Network (LVHN), we continually go the extra mile to further our mission to heal, comfort and care for the people of our community. Each one of our 19,000 colleagues contribute to this mission and helps make all communities we serve healthier – and better – places in which to live. Our health care professionals provide amazing care every day!

At LVHN, our core values: Compassion, Integrity, Collaboration and Excellence, guide our decision making and behaviors. We bring our values to life through our actions and commitment to an inclusive and equitable workplace in which everyone feels like they belong and utilize their full potential. That is how each of our colleagues create exceptional experiences in a safe and secure environment for our patients and their loved ones, and for one another.

Lehigh Valley Health Network (LVHN) is a large nonprofit health system in eastern Pennsylvania with 19,000 colleagues, over 1,300 beds across 5 full-service hospital campuses, 2,900 medical staff, 200 outpatient practices, and an academic environment with 25 fully accredited, free standing residency and fellowship programs. LVHN has been consistently ranked among America’s Top Hospitals for over 20 years.

We are located in the beautiful Lehigh Valley, a fast-growing region in eastern Pennsylvania comprised of three mid-sized cites surrounded by suburban neighborhoods with over 700,000 residents. The area has a moderate cost of living, outstanding public and private school systems, ten colleges and universities, and an abundance of cultural and recreational offerings including two symphonies, summer music festivals, an art museum, championship golf courses and minor league sport teams. Just a 60-minute drive north of Philadelphia and 90-minute drive west of New York City.  https://www.discoverlehighvalley.com/

For consideration as a candidate please email a CV to Lynne Jensen, Recruiter for Department of Surgery, at lynne.jensen@lvhn.org

Apply for Mixed Reality in Complex Intracranial Neurosurgery Fellowship

Already uploaded your resume? Sign in to apply instantly


Upload from your computer

Or import from cloud storage

Your Resume must be a .doc, .pdf, .docx, .rtf, and no bigger than 1Mb

4000 characters left

When you apply for a job we will send your application to the named recruiter, who may contact you. By applying for a job listed on JAMA Career Center you agree to our terms and conditions and privacy policy. You should never be required to provide bank account details. If you are, please email us.